Importance of Modern Rice Mill Machinery

Factually speaking, India is the largest producer and exporter of Basmati rice and one of the largest exporters of rice, in general. Rice milling is perhaps the oldest and also the biggest agro-processing industry in the country.

As it was last determined, India had a turnover of more than Rs. 25,000 cr/year and had the capacity to process approximately 85,000 tonnes of paddy each year, in turn, providing the staple food item to more than 60% of its population.

When a country witnesses economic growth along with a situation of stable supply, we see a shift in the customer preference. Their demand shifts from quantity to quality and security. If we shift our focus on modern countries, we get to see that those nations are trying and consolidating their rice milling operations into large milling facilities, whereas most of the small and medium scale milling facilities are dying away.

This clearly proves that people over there are more critical of rice quality. This growing consciousness in the rice milling market would ultimately lead to bigger, more sophisticated machinery.

Developing countries, on the other hand, face a distinct challenge of sustained productivity. In the business environment, sustained production comes across as the biggest challenge rice milling units face.

So, how can we get over this one of the most critical challenges? Well, by streamlining and automating work processes. This is the only way to enhance productivity and reach a stage of sustained productivity.

Modern, automated rice milling machines not only have more reasonable designs but also have higher milling efficiency. The quality of milling operations straightaway determines the rice output’s quality, whiteness, milling degree, grain dimensions, etc. Using modern rice milling technology can let the rice millers cater to the exact customer demand on quantity as well as quality.

Today, most of the developing nations like India, China, Nigeria, etc, owing to the low-entry barrier and high profitability have grown swiftly. However, their lack of updated processing techniques and rearward equipment is hindering the development of their country’s rice industry, as a whole.

While the surge in population has created a demand for increasing the productivity, there have been numerous cases of grain loss due to inefficient, obsolete milling equipment. Developing, rice-producing nations are said to lose about 10% of their yield each year. And this calls for an improved, automated rice milling and processing machinery.

If you’re one of those farmers suffering from the lack of adequate milling infrastructure, make sure you get in touch with Nextech Agri Solutions Pvt. Ltd. It’s an Indian-based rice milling consultant with years of experience in the rice milling industry.

The Complete Rice Production Cycle

Generally, rice plants take about 3 to 6 months to grow from seedlings to reach maturity, mostly varying according to the environmental conditions and undergo 3 distinct growth phases, which are vegetative, reproductive and ripening.

As such, rice varieties across the world are categorized into 2 groups based on their growth duration. There is a short-duration variety maturing in 100 to 120 days and a longer when taking about 150 days.

Let’s now take a look at how rice is grown:

1. Seed Quality Analysis & Selection

To realize the yield potential, a seed must be grown, harvested and finally processed justly. Also, healthy, good quality seeds carry the potential of increasing the yield by 20%. Some of the benefits of using good quality seeds are:
– Decreased seeding rates
– Increased crop emergence
– Decreased need for replanting
– Vigorous early growth
– Increased resistance to pests, insects and natural diseases
– Reduced weed growth

A good seed is one which is pure, i.e. coming from single variety, uniform in size, viable and free of pathogens, insects and seed-borne diseases.

2. Land Preparation

It’s mandatory to prepare the land and render it suitable for planting seeds. The soil, before planting, should be in the best physical condition if one expects an optimum plant growth. Essentially, land preparation involves plowing, digging up or harrowing to till and leveling the soil.

3. Crop Establishment

There are two common practices for planting rice seeds. These are:
– Direct seeding: Done either by hand or machine, direct seeding involves broadcasting pre-germinated/dry seeds. Generally, dry seeds are manually planted into the soil in ecosystems that are rain-fed, while pre-germinated seeds are planted in areas with dry soil.
– Transplanting: More popular of the two, transplanting involves the transfer of pre-germinated seeds from seedbed to wet fields. Although it requires less seeds and is a particularly effective method to control weeds, it is labour intensive.

4. Water & Nutrient Management

Since rice is grown in bunded fields which are flooded for up-to 10 days prior to the harvest, it’s fairly easy to determine that rice is extremely sensitive to water shortage. Contributing to this fact is its semi-aquatic ancestry. Keep in mind the following water management tips for maximum rice yields:
– Construct field channels
– Optimum land preparation
– Leveling the soil
– Construct bunds to limit any water loss

It’s also important to keep in mind that rice plant requires different nutrition at different stages. Nutrition management is a chief component of rice production.

5. Crop Health

Globally, farmers annually lose about 35% of their crops to plant diseases and pests. Rodents, insects, viruses, weeds, etc. are arch nemesis of rice plant. It’s important for rice farmers to understand how the crops interact with the pests and avoid such conditions. Certain tips that could help are:
– Land and water management
– Hand weeding
– Herbicides
– Good cleaning of farming equipments
– Pest resistant seed varieties

6. Harvest

Harvesting involves the collection of mature rice plants. AS we’ve discussed above, rice crops generally take 100 to 150 days to mature, depending on their growth duration. To minimize grain damage and for maximum yield, it’s mandatory to involve good harvesting techniques. It can be done either manually or using a combine harvester. Harvesting includes:
– Reaping
– Threshing
– Cleaning
– Hauling
– Field drying
– Stacking
– Packaging

Rice Production: Pre-Planting Activities

This post by Nextech Agri Solutions aims to provide practical knowledge necessary for small-scale farmers entering the rice production business. Beginning with the pre-planting activities, this post will cover the rice varieties to choose from, information on seed quality, crop calendar and land preparation.

These are 4 of the most important activities before the rice planting, and needs to be taken care of if one anticipates a high, prosperous yield.

1. Selecting the rice variety

It’s fairly important to begin with healthy seeds of a locally adapted rice variety. This ensures that the crop has a high yield and attracts good market price, and is also cheaper than importing high-potential varieties from other countries.

Mentioned below are the characteristic features a good rice variety must possess:
– Appreciable cooking characteristics, colour, aroma, taste and shape
– High selling price
– Stability
– Optimum yield over multiple seasons
– High tillering capability for competing against weed
– Tolerance against crop diseases and pests
– Resistance to droughts and floods
– Exact maturity length that matches the growing season

2. Seed quality

The crop quality entirely depends on the seeds sown. Since seeds are the foundation of any crop, it becomes pivotal that one ensures that the seeds utilized are of optimal quality.

Good quality seeds ensure the following benefits:
– Increased uniformity
– Less replanting
– Lower seed rate
– Better emergence (greater than 70%)
– High initial growth
– Increased resistance against pests, insects and diseases
– Decreased weed
– Increased yield

The following factors are used to determine the quality of rice:
– Varietal purity: It involves the percentage of germination, moisture content, weed, other crop seeds, stones and red rice seeds.
– Viability: Germination potential, moisture level and vigour are used to determine the seed viability.

The germination rate is indicative of seed vigor. A swift rate of germination shows that the seed will establish itself well in the field stage. Weaker seeds are easily affected by environmental stress and are known to produce weaker seedlings.
– Moisture Content: As such, moisture content should be less than 14%

3. Crop Calendar

Crop calendar provides for a reliable framework for all the subsequent farming activities.
It provides a clear schedule from seed sowing to storage and allows the farmers to:
– Decide the input purchase
– Prepare a budget for all the activities
– Determine labour, capital and credit requirement
– Prepare land and harvest

Based on local experience and with the help of agricultural promoters, determine the best date to plant. Determine the time it takes for your chosen variety to harvest. Establish the labour and finance requirements at each of the subsequent steps, i.e. plowing, weeding, fertilizing, etc.

4. Land Preparation

This is the final step before we begin with the planting. It is an important step which helps control weeds, recycles plant nutrients and provides for a sustainable surface and soil mass for direct seeding.

As such, land preparation either begins during fallow, i.e. the period wherein a field is left uncultivated so it regains its fertility, or immediately after the previous harvest. Moreover, it usually takes around a month for complete land preparation.

It typically involves 3 different stages which are:
– Clearing the field
– Creating compost from rice residues
– Planting cover crops to enrich soil and suppress weeds

How to Determine the Moisture Content in Paddy?

Moisture content, as we define it, is the weight of water in rice or paddy expressed in percentage. In post-harvest handling, MC is stated on a wet basis (MCwb). Simply put, it’s percentage of water in a wet grain.

The importance of measuring moisture content

It’s imperative to determine accurate moisture content. This is done with a view to effectively manage and market paddy, for each purpose requires different moisture content.

For e.g. 18% MC for storing grains up-to 2 weeks, 9% for long-term storage, etc.

Inaccurate moisture testing could lead to:

  1. Grain loss if excessively dried
  2. Increased drying costs and paddy loss if milled at high moisture content
  3. Lower head rice, when milled at wrong moisture content
  4. Weight loss when dried excessively
  5. Mold development
  6. Heat buildup in the grain
  7. Pest infestation
  8. Discoloration
  9. Reduced yield
  10. Loss of germination

How to measure paddy moisture content?

There are two widely used methods to measure moisture content. These are:

1. Primary Method: It is based on weight measurements and is ramified into 2 steps:
– Oven method
– Infrared method
2. Secondary Method: It involves measuring the electrical traits of grains using an electronic instrument

There are a number of different portable moisture meters available in the market. One simply has to make sure that the chosen meter is suitable for harvesting paddy or grains to be milled, depending on whatever you’re planning to do.

Let’s take a look at the moisture content required for different post-production activities:

Paddy Harvesting

When harvesting paddy, one needs to keep in mind that lower moisture content can possibly lead to grain shattering and higher moisture content can lead to losses owing to poor grain quality.
– Ideal moisture content: 20-25%
– Primary losses: Grain shattering and poor quality

Paddy Threshing
– Ideal moisture content: 20% for manual threshing and 20-25% for mechanical threshing
– Primary losses: Breakage/cracking, grain damage and partial threshing

Paddy Drying

The drying process should begin within 24 hours of harvest. Otherwise, there’s a very high possibility of quality deterioration and grain damage.

It should also be noted that seeds should be dried well below 12% moisture content while grains to below 14%.
– Ideal moisture content: 14% or lower
– Primary losses: Discoloration, spoilage and fungal infestation

Rice Storage
– Ideal moisture content:
14% or less if it’s to be milled or stored or a month
Less than 13% for storage up-to 12 months
12% for seed storage
– Primary losses: Pest infestation, fungal infection, loss of germination, etc.

Rice Milling
– Ideal moisture content: 13-14%
– Primary losses: Cracking and breakage

I sincerely hope this post would be helpful to all those planning to venture into the business of rice processing and milling. For any further assistance, feel free to contact Nextech Agri Solutions, one of the best rice mill consultants in India.

Olam Engages Local Communities for the Rice Harvest

One of the leading agri-businesses, Olam International operates from seed to shelf in more than 60 countries, providing food and raw materials to over 23,000 customers worldwide. With their global rice supply chain and immense market strength, they have successfully linked their rice farms and smallholder farmers to clients in all the major rice consuming country.

A producer of renowned Mama’s Pride and Chef’s Choice Rice, Olam International has started harvest in its dry season rice farming season. For the process of harvesting, a total of 11 combined harvesters and a splitter harvest machine were deployed. “The high-tech machineries couldn’t, however, stop the farms from involving more than 600 seasonal farmers from the host communities from participating in the farming process”, Mr. Pieter Nel said.

According to the farm officers, the dry season farm comprises of 3,000 hectares, out of the total of 12,920 hectares. The dry season rice farm is expected to yield up to 4.5 tons of rice per hectare, which is more than 300% of the national yield, which sits between 1.3-1.8 tons per hectare. The high yield can be accredited to Olam International for involving some of the best farming practices, including but not limited to the increased soil standards to meet rice varieties. As Nel told, it was done following a series of laboratory tests on different soils. Other practices involved aircrafts for seedlings, spraying effective pesticides and applying quality fertilizers.

Mark Mclean, who’s appointed as the farm manager told that 1,400 hectares would be added to the 3,000 already being used. The additional land would be utilized for the forthcoming rain-fed season. Mclean also stated that over 100 rice varieties with high yields are being studied with a view to adopt them. Currently, only 4 high yielding varieties are planted, namely L34, C90, C20 and Faro 44.

Laying importance on safety and quality, Madan Singh, the Director of quality assurance informed how the company conducts relevant analysis to ensure the rice meets the nutritional value and is safe and does not use chemicals indiscriminately during production.

Abubakar Ogashuwa, the company’s Community Relations Manager, mentioned that the farms have created access roads that have been instrumental in linking the farms to six host communities surrounding them, provided them with solar power, introduced scholarship for the students, constructed classrooms with school compounds and built boreholes for each of the 6 communities.

He further mentioned how the Olam farm is in constant talks with the herders and nomads around to avoid complications arising out of their animals invading the farms.

Read through our other blogs to stay updated on the latest news and events in the rice industry.

Nigerian Federal Government all set to install 110 Rice Milling Machines

The Federal Government of Nigeria recently acquired 110 rice milling machines, which, if everything goes as per the set plans, would be installed in different parts of the country. The installation process is expected to continue until the end of July, and is aimed to boost the dwindling production of rice in the country.

This development was confirmed by Malam Garba Shehu, who is the Senior Special Assistant on Media and Publicity to the President Buhari, on his Facebook page, in Abuja.

Shehu, the president’s spokesperson stirred a national debate with his claim of Nigeria being the second largest producer of rice. Following a rice revolution that commenced in 2016, Nigeria achieved the position for being the second largest rice producer in the world.

Quoting an investigative media report, Shehu also remarked that 48,000 millionaires emerged in the state of Kebbi alone, for growing rice.

Shehu also claimed that over-reliance on oil has destroyed the country and that they are not in a position to continue. And the diversification of economy aims at distributing money across ordinary Nigerian citizens, ultimately leading to widespread prosperity across the whole country.

The president’s aide wants the country to be proud of the country’s ongoing agricultural revolution.

However, he also stated that the officials of the Federal Ministry of Agriculture are going to come up with latest development on Nigeria’s rice production.

Mr. Shehu’s Facebook post further read ‘’we’re not the first to say that Nigeria has reached second position in the world in terms of rice production. CNN, with their global reach also said the same thing. CNN is not a frivolous source and there’s reason to believe them.’’

“While the country waits for the actual numbers to come from the Food and Agricultural Organization, the government will be collating their own figures. Nigeria has been feeding a lot of parts from the north, west and central Africa since the last October and most of them have been shopping for millet, sesame, rice and sorghum in Nigeria.”

“In order to support the booming rice industry, the Federal Government acquired 110 rice milling machines. A lot is happening in the country and all of us should be proud of it”.

To keep yourself updated on news, events and the latest developments in the world of agricultural processing and engineering, keep following Nextech’s blogs.

Why Are Rice Mill Consultants Important?

Ignoring the barriers of the income and the living standards of the people living in any city, state or country, rice is affordable by the maximum chunk of the population. Besides this, rice is the staple food form in many states and many Asian countries. This is a clear indication that a huge amount of the diverse quantities of this food item is and will be traded to other countries, which do not have sufficient production.

By learning all this, we can form a picture of the huge output, productivity, as well as the market efficiency of the rice mills which are located at various production locations. The credit of such an immense degree of production should definitely go to the rice mill consultants who are being hired in greater numbers by many mill merchants to have a better working and output.

Without the presence of these milling consultants, the production levels might vary. Their presence is a must for a better working environment and procedure.

As rice mill consultants, what are the responsibilities and duties of Nextech Agri Solutions in a rice mill plant? And how does our presence and advice make a difference?

As rice industry specialists, we help our customers with their choice of rice business; that implies, regardless of whether the customer needs to begin rice cultivating business, dealership, discount or retail rice offering or rice process business.

Obviously, beginning a rice plant is productive and like different organizations, attainability study or arranging stage is the initial step taken by us to guarantee benefit in the business. As rice milling advisors, we facilitate our clients with the fundamental components, for example, arrive prerequisite, outline and development, assets and numerous other that may affect the business in one or other way.

The requirement of a perfect piece of land and its determination are of fundamental significance as the plant proprietors require enormous stable or capacity zone for the creation purpose that has as of now been processed and that will be processed without further ado. Experts concentrate on the regions that have tallness, as low-lying locales make dealing with and performing of various exercises troublesome. They likewise consider the zone to which the land has a place, it assumes an indispensable part in the transportation of crude material and completed items. Significant consideration towards a true blue waste structure in the zone to which arrive has a place is likewise paid.

The design and development are impressively vital in accomplishing gigantic benefits from the rice processing business. Factories ought to be produced in a way that they permit smooth operations and fullest use of perfect space. Godowns and stores ought to be outlined and created to store crude paddy and arranged rice securely. Taking care of units, cleaning units, parboiling domains and different fragments ought to be reserved suitably.

Keeping up high calibre alongside required amount is a testing errand for factory proprietors, and these two variables straightforwardly add to benefit era ability of the business. The rice mill consultants have their attention on the right determination and fitting interest in the rice process hardware, and they generally prescribe for another other than a revamped machine. Interest in present day advancements and devices can possibly meet quality principles and deliver high amount also. Further, present day machines offer vitality protection, simple upkeep and high efficiency that decreases the generation cost and improve productivity of the rice mill plant.

Rice Milling Industry In India: Things You Need to Know

About 65% of India’s population consumes rice, making it one of the most important food crops in the country. Rice, in its raw form cannot be consumed and therefore, the need for processing surfaces. Typically, a milling process involves 3 basic stages:

  1. Husking
  2. Whitening/polishing
  3. Blending, grading and packaging

In modern mills, a number of additional adjustments are present that not only ease out the process, but also produce better quality rice with higher yields. Modern milling process involves:

  • Pre-Cleaning: Separating impurities and unfilled grains
  • De-Stoning: Removing stones from paddy
  • Husking: Removing husk from paddy
  • Husk Aspiration: Husk separation from unhusked paddy/brown rice
  • Paddy Separation: Separating unhusked paddy from brown rice
  • Polishing/Whitening: Removing bran layer and germs and improving the appearance
  • Separating white rice into head, large and broken rice
  • Mixing: Determining the mix as required by the customers
  • Rice weighing and packaging

Milling Objectives:

  1. Producing edible rice, i.e. free of husk, stones, and other unwanted materials
  2. Minimize grain breakage and wastage
  3. Maximize the rice yield

Occupying about 37% of the total cropped area, rice milling is the oldest and the largest agro industry in India with an annual turnover of Rs 25,500 crore, the major export destinations being Saudi Arabia, UAE, Kuwait and Iran. Rice accounts for 44% of the total grain production in the country, West Bengal being the largest producer (16%), followed by Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh and Punjab accounting for 13%, 12% and 9.47% respectively. The milling industry processes about 85 million tons of paddy every year proffering food grains to about 65% of the population.

Prior to starting a rice milling business, you need to obtain several licenses and permits from the concerned government authorities. You have to:

  • Register your business with Registrar of Companies
  • Udyog Aadhaar Ministry of Micro Small and Medium Enterprise (MSME) registration
  • Avail factory license
  • Consent to establish and operate from Pollution Control Board
  • Apply for license according to Rice-Milling Industry Act, 1958
  • VAT registration
  • PFA and ESIC registration for employees
  • IEC registration for exports

Machinery Required:

  • Paddy cleaner and aspirator with damper controls and double fans
  • Paddy shelter
  • Paddy separator
  • Blowers aspirators
  • Husk aspirators
  • Barn aspirators
  • Paddy polishers
  • Rice aspirator/grader
  • Bucket elevators

Nextech Agri Solutions is the leading technical consultant for rice milling industry with years of experience on latest rice milling technologies. They offer comprehensive solutions for all your rice processing needs. Contact them for further details.

List of Rice Mill Machinery In Delhi, India

Rice is a standout amongst the most essential nourishment edit over the world that is prepared in the rice processing plants concerning the global measures remembering the consistency and the fundamental nature of the grain. There are diverse rice processing hardware’s and rice mills and processes which are utilized for the correct preparing of rice and guarantee its most extreme handling limit in less measure of time.

The most critical production calculates are considered for its preparation is the utilization of vitality. Vitality is one of the important things and the crucial source to gauge the cost of the settled completed item. For the generation of rice, the vitality devouring types of gear utilized incorporate blowers, lifts, engines, boilers and steam conveyance and some more. The proficiency of the item (rice) relies on upon the utilities kept up by the rice creation factories, for example, power, air, water, work, and so forth.

A hefty portion of the rice plants in India and furthermore in the distinctive parts of the world hold fast to a few techniques for rice handling, for example, drying of rice, cleaning of rice, processing, brightening, cleaning, reviewing, mixing, sorting and bundling.There are distinctive sorts of sorters and separators utilized for the rice to be free from a clean, parasitic diseases, plastic granules, undesirable grain, and so forth.

Some of them being used by the rice mill machinery include the following:

Rice Huskers: These huskers expel the husk (external covering) from the paddy rice amid the handling.
Paddy Separators: It makes the chestnut rice more proficient.
Plano-Shifters: This makes the rice more uniform and gives rice appropriate size and evaluating with a rapid.

There are diverse sorts of strategies utilized as a part of the rice mill plant machineries. In the prior days, customary techniques were utilized for paddy preparing utilizing the steel hullers and the rice handling process specified in the above flowchart was done physically. This strategy is by all accounts the wasteful technique as the odds or the benefits to ascend at the larger amount frequently debases. The advertising costs and the net returns tend to diminishing that keeps the customers from acquiring responsible yields in time. Advance, the most recent and present day rice processing units make utilization of more productive innovation that help them yield a vast net return and the computed costs turn out to be better for the extensive amount of paddy.

In the end, we can conclude by stating that the limit usage of utilizing the cutting edge strategies is roughly 70% in contrast with the ordinary techniques utilized (approx. 45%). Rice is the staple nourishment and is one of the main sources amongst all the sustenance grains for all the people.

Paddy Drying Process In Rice Mills

At the time of harvest, the moisture content of the rice grains ranges between 18 -25%. Post the harvest, the most critical operation is paddy drying. Drying reduces the moisture content in the grain which is a requisite if it is to be stored. Delaying the drying process or drying it unevenly would result in a qualitative loss. Storing moist grains generally leads to grain discolouration or induces mold development. It further escalates the chances of pest attacks, regardless of the storage facility used. Higher moisture content also decreases the germination rate of rice seeds. The moisture should be further reduced if grains are to be stored for a longer duration.

Before starting with the drying process, certain guidelines need to be followed. The grains should be cleaned so as to avoid uneven drying and wet spots. Grains should be dried immediately after the harvest. Depending upon the storage duration, a certain level of moisture content should be maintained.
– 18% for a maximum of 2 weeks
– 14% or less if it’s to be stored for a month/if it is to be milled
– 13% or less if it’s to be stored for 8-12 months
– 9% or less for long-term storage

Grains with different moisture content should not be mixed if cracking is to be avoided.

The drying process involves different methods. Each method has its own elementary advantages and disadvantages.

1. Sun Drying: It is still a preferred technique in many parts of the world mainly because of its low cost. This method, however, is labour-intensive and should not be adopted if you plan to mill the grains.
2. Field Drying: This involves cutting rice panicles in the fields and stacking them into racks and piles. This method sometimes causes a massive heat build-up within the stacks and deteriorates the grains rapidly.
3. In-Store Drying: Grains with moisture content below 18% are dried slowly inside storage bins. These bins are equipped with aeration components and pre-heated air. It controls the humidity level of the air. It is a slow and gentle drying process and takes from days to weeks.
4. Heated Air Drying: This technique involves high temperatures to rapidly dry the grains. It can be stalled whenever the desired moisture content is achieved. It can be further ramified into 3 categories:
4a. Batch Dryer: Used by farmers and small rice millers, this is a labour intensive method and leads to uneven drying.
4b. Re-Circulating Batch Dryer: This is put to use by commercial rice millers and cooperatives. It requires moderate capital investment.
4c. Continuous Flow Dryer: Generally used by large commercial facilities.